Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancement and Leadership Through Alliances:

What is the DELTA Program?

The Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancement and Leadership Through Alliances (DELTA) program seeks to reduce the incidence (i.e., number of new cases) of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in funded communities. The program addresses the entire continuum of IPV, from episodic violence to battering through a variety of activities. Fourteen states are funded under the DELTA Program.

DELTA Funded States: Alaska, Kansas, North Carolina, California, Michigan, North Dakota, Delaware, Montana, Ohio, Florida, New York, Rhode Island, Virginia, Wisconsin.

For more information about National-level DELTA work, please See "At a Glance" download or print the full text of The DELTA Program: At A Glance.

In addition to national and state level work, the DELTA program also funds local communities in ND for primary prevention of IPV. These communities, along with their Coordinated Community Response Teams (CCRs) are working to develop and implement prevention plans.

DELTA Funded Local Projects:

Bismarck - Abused Adult Resource Center
Dickinson - DV & Rape Crisis Center
Grand Forks -Community Violence Intervention Center
Fargo - Rape & Abuse Crisis Center
Stanley - DV Program of Northwest ND

What is the purpose of the DELTA Program?

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem in the United States. Research indicates that IPV exists on a continuum from episodic violence-a single or occasional occurrence-to battering (Johnson, 1995). Battering is more frequent and intensive and involves one partner who develops and maintains control over the other. For additional information about the magnitude and consequences of IPV, see the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) web site.

All forms of IPV, from episodic violence to battering, are preventable. The key to prevention is focusing on first-time perpetration and first-time victimization. Knowledge about the factors that prevent IPV is lacking. CDC is working to better understand the developmental pathways and social circumstances that lead to this type of violence. In addition, the agency is helping organizations evaluate the effectiveness of existing programs to reduce both victimization and perpetration.

Prevention requires understanding the circumstances and factors that influence violence. CDC uses a four-level, social ecological model. to better understand violence and potential strategies for prevention. This model considers the complex interplay between individual, relationship, community, and societal factors, and allows us to address risk and protective factors from multiple domains.
The DELTA program encourages the development of comprehensive prevention strategies through a continuum of activities that address all levels of the social ecology. It is important that these activities are developmentally appropriate and are conducted over several life stages. This approach is more likely to prevent IPV across a lifetime than any single intervention or policy change.

What is the history of the DELTA Program?

The Family Violence Prevention Services Act was passed in 1994 to support the work of Coordinated Community Responses (CCRs) addressing IPV at the local level. U.S. Code Title 42, Chapter 110, Section 10418, Demonstration Grants for Community Initiatives funded nonprofit organizations to sustain IPV intervention and prevention projects (CCRs) in local communities.

A CCR is an organized effort to prevent and respond to IPV. These efforts can be organized formally (e.g., nonprofit organization) or informally (e.g., group of concerned citizens). CCRs typically involve diverse service sectors (e.g., law enforcement, public health, and faith-based organizations) and populations. Historically, CCRs have focused on providing services to victims, holding batterers accountable, and reducing the number of recurring assaults. Few have concentrated on stopping initial IPV, otherwise known as primary prevention.

CDC was given the responsibility of administering the federal funds provided by this legislation. The monies were first used to fund 10 CCR demonstration projects. To facilitate primary prevention at the community level, CDC began funding the DELTA program in 2002. Nine state domestic violence coalitions were initially funded; five more were added in 2003.

The federal legislation is intended to support community level efforts. CDC funds state-level domestic violence coalitions to provide prevention-focused training, technical assistance, and funding to local CCRs. A local nonprofit organization serves as the fiscal agent and receives DELTA funding to support the local CCR's adoption of primary prevention principles and practices. CCRs integrate prevention strategies through increased cooperation and coordination among participating sectors.

What are the goals of the DELTA Program?

Primary prevention is the cornerstone of the DELTA Program. Program activities are guided by a set of prevention principles including:

  • Preventing first-time perpetration and first-time victimization;
  • Reducing risk factors associated with IPV perpetration or victimization;
  • Promoting protective factors that reduce the likelihood of IPV;
  • Planning evidence-based programs;
  • Using behavior and social change theories in prevention program planning and evaluation;
  • Evaluating prevention programs and using results to form future program plans.


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